The Pediatric Vestibular Symptom Questionnaire: A Validation Study.


OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate the Pediatric Vestibular Symptom Questionnaire (PVSQ) and quantify subjective vestibular symptom (ie, dizziness, unsteadiness) severity in children. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred sixty-eight healthy children (female, n = 91) and 56 children with postconcussion dizziness or a vestibular disorder (female, n = 32), between ages 6 and 17 years, were included. The PVSQ contains questions regarding vestibular symptom frequency during the previous month. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), a brief behavioral screening instrument, was also completed. RESULTS: The PVSQ showed high internal consistency (10 items; Cronbach alpha = 0.88). A significant between-group difference was noted with higher (ie, worse) PVSQ scores for children with vestibular symptoms (P < .001); no significant differences were noted between patient groups. The optimal cut-off score for discriminating between individuals with and without abnormal levels of vestibular symptoms was 0.68 out of 3 (sensitivity 95%, specificity 85%). Emotional and hyperactivity SDQ subscale scores were significantly worse for patients compared with healthy participants (P